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中考冲刺:完形填空

作者: zhangweihua     发布时间:2018-06-13

本文内容简介:从已知求未知,是综合填空的解题思路。 一、 空格句子和前后句之间,呈现出这样的基本关系: 1. 事实一(需关注:名、动、形、副词) 2. 衔接词(纯连词、连接性副词及词组非必要条件……


  从已知求未知,是综合填空的解题思路。

  一、 空格句子和前后句之间,呈现出这样的基本关系:

  1. 事实一(需关注:名、动、形、副词)

  2. 衔接词(纯连词、连接性副词及词组——非必要条件)

  3. 事实二(需关注:名、动、形、副词)

  二、 相邻两句(事实)之间的关系,可以总结为五类、十种:

  总分关系

  举例——such as; including; for example; To illustrate; etc.

  总结——in a word; in short; in conclusion; to sum up; etc.

  并列关系

  平行——in addition; as well; also; moreover; besides; etc.

  递进——in fact; particularly; still; even; what’s more; etc.

  对比关系

  对比——by contrast; in comparison; on theother hand; etc.

  转折——in practice; however; instead; despite; while; even so; etc.

  因果关系

  因果——therefore; hence; thus;; for this reason; etc.

  条件——as a result; in this way; accordingly; etc.

  时空关系

  时间——at first; at the same time; all the time; finally; etc.

  空间——beyond; below; ahead; nearby; on the left; etc.
 


 

  三、 求解范围基本是“知二求一”,即文中找到两个条件,推理出一个未知的。

  1、求事实一。例如:

  But have you ever heard of a forest fire that can be ____86____ for a forest? People start some of the fires with a special reason to actually do good to the eco-system.

  86. A)helpfulB)powerful C)harmful D)awful

  已知事实二:fires;do good (to the eco-system)

  句际关系为:总分——(举例)有些森林大火有利生态

  推导事实一:helpful——森林大火也可以有帮助

  (注:大部分情况是在前一个事实句中挖空。)

  2、求事实二。例如:

  Sometimes you may not understand your parents. One minutethey’re friendly, the next minutethey’re shouting and screamingloudly enough for the whole street to hear. So who makes them so __85__? You, probably!

  85. A. friendly B. lonely C. changeableD. comfortable

  已知事实一:One minute;friendly。the next minute;shouting and screaming loudly

  句际关系为:概括——(举例)时而和蔼时而尖叫

  推导事实二:什么让他们如此changeable(多变的)

  3、求衔接词。例如:

  Can you imagine how boringthis (cooking meals) can get? Imagine how your parents feelwhen you say you’re not really hungry. __90__, your parents are probably worriedthat you aren’t eating enough.

  90. A. In additionB. In return C. At most D. At last

  已知事实一:imagine how they feel (他们的感受——失望)

  已知事实二:parents are probably worried(他们怕你吃不饱——担心)

  句际关系为:并列——一方面失望或生气、同时又(in addition)担心

  4、需要注意:大部分情况下,要借助多处事实。例如:

  You may hate missing a party to visit some boring old relatives. They may go on and on about what a sweet baby you were. You have no choice but to listen. Even ifyou __88__, your parents won’t changetheir minds.

  88. A. agree B. complainC. listen D. win

  已知事实一:包括关键词(you) missing a party; (act) a sweet baby; (have) to listen;以及(parents) won’t change their minds

  句际关系为:让步,even if(即使)

  推导事实二:complain(你忍耐着一切,即便你抱怨也无济于事)

  Every lie requires five more lies. If you keep hiding truth from them, they will not __78__ you. They will not respect you.

  78.A. troubleB. rememberC. answerD. trust

  已知事实一:If you keep hiding truth和they will not respect you

  句际关系为:并列——not respect + not ______?

  推导事实二:respect(一个谎言导致更多谎言去掩盖;如果你这么做了,他们会不尊重、不信任你。)

来源: 网络    关键词: 中考,冲刺,完形填空,从,已知,求,未知,是,综合,
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