作者： zhangweih 发布时间：2018-05-17
He has passed the driving test, whichsurprises all of us. (which替代前面所叙述的事情) 先行词
He is a teacher whoworks at our school.
Beijing, whichis the capital of China, is a beautiful city with a long history.
He has two sons, who work in the same company.
(He has only two sons.)
He has two sons who work in the same company.
(Perhaps he has two more sons)
She is the girl (whom / that) I loved before. (可以省略whom/that)
He is no longer the boy (that) he used to be. (可以省略that)
Housing price is a problem (that/which) people are interested in.
Housing price is a problem in whichpeople are interested.(此时只能用which且不能省略)
Who is the man thatis shouting there?
She is not the girl thatshe used to be.
③先行词被the very, the right, the only修饰
This is the very person thatwe are looking for.
①先行词是one, ones, anybody, all, none, those 等
Those whowant to go to the cinemawill have to wait at the gate of the school.
Who is the boy thatwon the gold medal?
③在there be 结构中
There are many young men whoare against him.
Tom, whois my best friend,has gone abroad to study.
3.先行词是物(that / which的区别)
She lost the game, whichdepressed her greatly.
The pen with whichyou writeis Jack’s.
Let me show you the novel thatI borrowed from the librarywhichis newly open to us.
①先行词是不定代词如all, little, few, much,anything, everything, nothing, none, no one等
She did all thatshe couldto help us.
②先行词被all, every, no, some, little, much, the only, he very, the right，the last等所修饰时
This is the very book thatI want.
She described in her compositions the people and he places thatimpressed her most.
This is the best book thatI have ever read.
This is the first film thatI’ve seensince I came here.
He built a factory whichproduced thingsthathad never been seen before.
Who is the person thatis standing at the gate?
常用于以下句型当中：Such/so….. as…. 像…..一样 the same …. as… 和…...同样的
A computer is souseful a machine aswe can use everyday.
He is not the sameman ashe was.
As I remember, there were a net bar here.
Taiwan is an inseparable part of China, as is known to all.
★the same as...和the same that...引导定语从句的区别
This is the samebike thatI lost yesterday.(同一事物)
This is the samebike asI lost yesterday. (同类事物)
(1)When 在定语从句中做时间状语，先行词为表示时间的time, day等
I still remember the day whenI first came to Beijing. (when=on which)
(2)Where 在定语从句中做地点状语，先行词为表地点的place, spot等
Can you tell me the office wherehe works?
(where = in which)
I don’t want to listen to any reason whyyou were absent.
(why = for which)
★ 关系副词 = 相应的介词 + 关系代词
★ Where引导的定语从句还可以修饰抽象空间的名词如case(情形)，situation, position(位置),stage (阶段)，point(地步)等
What are the situations wherebody languageis the only form of communication?
在哪些情况下身体语言是唯一的沟通方式。(此时where = in which)
(1)way在定语从句中做状语时的三种引导方式 that / in which / 不填
The way in which / that / 不填he explains the sentence to us is quite simple.
比较：The way which /that/不填 he told to us was quite simple.
This is the first time thatthe president has visited the country.
This was the time whenthere were no radios, no telephones or no TV sets
★此时when = during which 在..期间
(3)先行词reason当在定语从句中作状语时，定语从句的4种引导方式 why/for which/that/不填
This is the reason why/for which/that/不填he can not come here.
比较：Is this the reason that/which/不填he explained to us for his absence from the conference.
★该结构的关系代词只有两种即 介词+which(指物) 介词+whom(指人)
This is the book on whichI spent $ 8.
This is the book for whichI paid $ 8.
I remember the days during whichI lived there.
I remember the day on whichI graduated from university.
The colorless gas without whichwe can’t live is called oxygen.
Here is the money with which to buy the piano.
She is the right person on whom to depend
The person (whom/who/that) you will write to is Todd.
②有些含有介词的动词短语介词不能提前如look for/after; take care of; send for; hear from/of/about deal with等
This is the baby that you will look after.
(1)当先行词是 one of + 复数名词，定语从句的位于动词要用复数形式
The Great Wall is one of the world-famous buildings thatdraw lots of visitor every year.
(2)当先行词是 the only + one of +复数名词，从句谓语用单数形式
The Great Wall is the only one of the buildings on the earth thatis seen from the moon.
Great changes have taken place in China, asis known to all.
He has passed the driving test, whichsurprises all of us.
The girl (who is) dancing nowjust returned from Taiwan.
I love the stories (which were) written by Hemingway.
The man (who stands) standing thereis my friend.
当先行词是人： whose = the + 名词 + of whom
当先行词是物：whose = the + 名词 + of which
Do you know the boy whose parents / the parents of whom are on holiday?
I’d like a room whose window / the window of which faces the sea.
②That引导定语从句，名词性从句 和 强调句型的区别:
强调句中的that, 运用于it is/was…that..结构;判断标准：去掉强调句型结构，成分仍然完整。
This is the book that I am looking for.
It is at Bashu middle school that I have studied for three years.
The fact that he stole the money surprised all of us.
That he will come to the conference has excited all of us.
We all expect that they win, for members of their team are stronger.
The reason for your failure is that you lack confidence in yourself.